How to Become a Dialysis Technician
The Definitive Career Guide

Avg. Salary

Education Duration
1-2 Years

Job Outlook

Are you interested in the medical field, and have a knack for assisting others?

Do you have great observation skills, and love to help in any way you can?

Then, you may want to consider the career of a Dialysis Technician.

Working with patients as a Dialysis Technician can be a rewarding experience.

As a Dialysis Technician, you will work with patients with kidney disease to help them with dialysis.

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What is a Dialysis Technician?

With a career as a Dialysis Technician, you can expect to work in hospitals or dialysis clinics helping patients with their kidney disease issues.

Not only will you help administer the dialysis treatments, but you will also monitor the treatments, making adjustments if needed, and assure that all patients are well taken care of.

This career requires the Dialysis Technician to have medical knowledge, however, it’s not required to seek formal education in this career.

Those who do earn an Associate’s degree or a certificate often find better employment opportunities.


Along with assisting patients during their dialysis treatment, there are several required duties for a Dialysis Technician, including:

  • Assembling supplies and preparing machinery
  • Testing monitors and machine function
  • Taking patient vitals
  • Measuring and calculating blood flow
  • Disinfecting and sanitizing equipment
  • Communicating with patients
  • Providing emotional and psychosocial care to patients
  • Responding to alarms, adjusting equipment


Having a career as a Dialysis Technician can be an easy way to get started in the medical field.

On average, a Dialysis Technician makes around $57,800 a year in the United States.

After several years of experience, as well as certifications, it’s possible to make over $79,340 a year as a Dialysis Technician.

Don’t expect to make this salary right out of the gate, as new Dialysis Technicians make closer to $30,280 a year to begin.

Salary is usually higher for those who work in larger populations.

For example, California pays its Dialysis Technicians $62,000 a year on average.

However, in Indiana, a Dialysis Technician only makes about $42,000 a year.

  • Annually
  • Monthly
  • Hourly

Annually National Average Salary: $56,910


Average Annual Salary by State

StateAvg. Annual Salary
District of Columbia$65,950
New Hampshire$66,930
New Jersey$65,860
New Mexico$48,200
New York$72,500
North Carolina$52,690
North Dakota$55,580
Rhode Island$70,580
South Carolina$51,370
South Dakota$50,790
West Virginia$53,900
Puerto Rico$32,540
Virgin Islands$42,670

Annual Average Salary: Top 5 States

The top earning state in the field is New York, where the average salary is $72,500.

These are the top 5 earning states in the field:

New York - $72,500
Rhode Island - $70,580
Connecticut - $70,220
Oregon - $69,330
California - $68,450
* Salary information based on May 2021 Occupational Employment Statistics (OES) Survey for Clinical Laboratory Technologists and Technicians, OCC Code 29-2010, BLS.
* Employment conditions in your area may vary.

How to Become a Dialysis Technician

Step 1 Enter a Program

There are several training programs available for those interested in becoming a Dialysis Technician.

Whether you choose to enroll in a school online or in person, your local community college or university should have more information.

Some Dialysis Technician programs take around one year to finish, others can take up to two.

A few of the areas that will be covered in your average Dialysis Technician program include:

  • Anatomy and Physiology
  • Patient Care Technician
  • Intro to Dialysis Treatment
  • Dialysis Technology
  • Nephrology
  • Medical Terminology

Most programs will also require labs and an internship before graduation.

For those who are doing online school, it is likely that you will be required to do in-person labs and internships in order to graduate.

Step 2 Become Licensed

Due to the nature of the career, it’s required to become licensed in order to work as a Dialysis Technician.

Every state has its own requirements, but most require applicants to pass an exam in order to be able to work as a Dialysis Technician.

Some states require their Dialysis Technicians to be certified by the Board of Nephrology Examiners Nursing and Technology, other states require certification through the National Nephrology Certification Organization.

Lastly, another association that other states may require certification from is the Nephrology Nursing Certification Commission.

It is up to you to find out which one your state requires in order to become a licensed Dialysis Technician.

In order to be eligible for any of these licenses, you must have finished at least a one-year education program.

Step 3 Gain Experience

Once you become licensed, you’ll be able to work as a Dialysis Technician in the state you become licensed in.

There are many available places to find career opportunities in this field, including:

  • The dialysis department in a hospital
  • Outpatient care center
  • University
  • Home dialysis company

You should have received some lab time and hands-on knowledge while in school, so looking for a job won’t be a shot in the dark.

In order to become certified as a Dialysis Technician, you must have around 1-2 years’ experience working in a licensed clinic or under the supervision of a licensed doctor.

It’s possible that you may want to gain experience in another area of the hospital as well.

Some related careers to look into include:

  • Patient care technician
  • Surgical technologist
  • Ultrasound technician

Maintaining education and continuing hands-on practice will help you with promotions and raises in this career.

Step 4 Earn Certification

Once you have worked as a Dialysis Technician for a couple of years, it’s time to think about earning a certification.

Even though these are not legally required, many Dialysis Technicians earn certifications to show employers and patients that they are competent and can be trusted in the field.

Every state has its own requirements as to the eligibility for certification, so please check your state regulations as well.

There are three accredited associations for those interested in earning certification as a Dialysis Technician.

These associations are the same as for the state licensure:

  • Nephrology Nursing Certification Commission
  • Board of Nephrology Examiners Nursing and Technology
  • National Nephrology Certification Organization

Each association has many certifications to choose from.

The Nephrology Nursing Certification Commission offers the Certified Clinical Hemodialysis Technician and the Certified Clinical Hemodialysis Technician-Advanced certifications.

With the Board of Nephrology Examiners Nursing and Technology, you can become certified as a Certified Hemodialysis Bio-Medical Technician or Dialysis Patient Care Certification.

The National Nephrology Certification Organization provides the Certified Biomedical Nephrology Technology, Certified Clinical Nephrology Technology, and the Certified Dialysis Water Specialist credentials.

Each state, as well as each association, will have its own requirements for eligibility.

Most require at least two years of experience.

Also, you will need to recertify for all of these credentials, either after three years or five, depending on the certification.

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Those that have an interest in working as a Dialysis Technician don’t have to legally have an education, but it’s something every employer suggests.

Most Dialysis Technicians will enroll in a program that will provide a certificate or diploma.

There are many dialysis technology programs to be found through community colleges, trade schools, universities, and even online.

Most Associates degrees take two years to finish for full-time students.

Some online programs can take as little as one year.

In that time period, it is likely that you will have to do lab work and an internship of some sort.

Lab work will provide you hands-on knowledge of the field, and an internship will help to discover the day to day duties of a Dialysis Technician.

The courses in a Dialysis Technician program will be aimed toward science and math, and you can expect courses like:

  • Medical Terminology
  • Renal Dialysis
  • Health Information Technology
  • Vascular Access
  • Dialysis Technology
  • Support Therapies

With an Associate’s degree, a Dialysis Technician can expect entry-level jobs in the field.

In order to qualify for an Associate’s degree program, you must have a high school diploma or GED.

Along with classroom time, as a student in a dialysis technician program, you will have many opportunities to take what you have learned and apply it to real-life situations.

Students will have to work in a lab in order to understand how dialysis works at a biological level.

This is where students will learn about how to work the dialysis machine, how to use it on patients, and what happens in the body when a patient is hooked up to the machine.

Another major aspect of an Associate’s degree program is the internship.

Every student will be required to shadow, work an internship, or externship in order to graduate from any program.

This type of experience will allow students first-hand involvement in the daily duties of Dialysis Technicians.

Once you have graduated from an accredited Associates degree program, you must enroll to become licensed or certified in the state you wish to work.

Video About The Career

Licensing and Certification

Graduating from an Associates degree program is only half the battle, now you must become licensed in the state you want to work in.

It’s also advised to earn certification as well, which can be done as soon as you graduate from a program for some certifications, and after a year or two of on the job experience for others.

Requirements to become licensed with vary depending on the state in which you work, but most require that you have graduated from an accredited program with at least a 2.5 GPA.

You will likely need to take an exam in order to become licensed as well.

Your local community college or future employer will have more information about how to become licensed in your state.

There are also several certifications that can set you apart from other Dialysis Technicians, showing your competence and knowledge level in the field.

Certifications must be accredited from one of the following associations:

  • Nephrology Nursing Certification Commission
  • Board of Nephrology Examiners Nursing and Technology
  • National Nephrology Certification Organization

Each association has its own list of certifications, which can be viewed on their respective websites.

However, some of the more popular ones include:

  • Certified Clinical Hemodialysis Technician from the Nephrology Nursing Certification Commission
  • Certified Hemodialysis Technician from the Board of Nephrology Certification Organization
  • Biochemical Nephrology Technologist from the National Nephrology Certification Organization

Each certification requires that applicants have graduated from a degree program, as well as references if they have not had at least two years of experience in the field.

The certifications can be earned by passing an exam, most are multiple-choice questions and are between $175-$200 to apply for.

Even though certification isn’t necessary for all situations, it can set you apart from the rest of the people who are interested in working as Dialysis Technicians, giving you more chances for employment, promotions, and raises.

Certification Example:

dialysis technician certification

Average Training Program Duration: 1-2 Years

The average training program for a Dialysis Technician takes about a year to 18 months to complete.

Those who don’t choose to earn an Associate’s degree can enroll in one of these programs through a trade school or even online.

The important thing is to make sure that the program is accredited by one of the mentioned associations.

Also, be wary of programs that seem too short- they may leave out a lot of important information or not provide lab work or internships to get you started.

Job Outlook

It seems that there will be a rise in this career over the next several years.

Over the coming decade, the career of a Dialysis Technician will grow by around 11 percent.

This is higher than many other careers in the medical field.

More people will require dialysis, as the baby boomer population ages, which will cause a rise in the necessity of Dialysis Technicians across the United States.

Another cause for this growth is the recent advancements in technology, creating better dialysis machines and other medical equipment.

If you find that you may be interested in working as a Dialysis Technician, now would be a great time to begin.

Employment Growth Projection: 11%


That's a higher than average projected growth of 36,500

Should You Become a Dialysis Technician?

Overall Satisfaction: High

Overall Satisfaction

Having a career as a Dialysis Technician can be one of the least stressful in the medical field.

This is because most dialysis centers are open only during certain hours, creating a decent home/work-life balance for Dialysis Technicians.

There is little room for growth in this career without certification or other education, so that can be a negative aspect for some Dialysis Technicians.

Working with patients and helping them every day is very rewarding, says many Dialysis Technicians, creating a career that makes you feel like you want to be at work.

Average Salary: High

Average Salary

On average, a Dialysis Technician will make around $57,800 a year.

Those who have certification, or who have worked in the career for many years, can typically make over $60,000 in some areas, and even $79,340 in others.

When just starting out as a Dialysis Technician, you should expect a salary closer to $30,280 to $40,000 depending on where you gain employment.

Working in a large city or hospital can garner more wages than working in a small town or in a small clinic.

Job Growth Outlook: High

Job Growth Outlook

Those who are interested in working as a Dialysis Technician should have no problem finding employment over the next decade.

There will likely always be a need for Dialysis Technicians, and with the baby boomer generation aging, the necessity for medical care will grow.

As of now, this career is looking to rise around 11 percent within the next ten years.

That’s much quicker than many other technical careers in the medical field.

Thanks to advancements in technology, this growth will likely continue for a long time.

Education Duration: 1-2 Years

Education Duration

There isn’t a legal requirement to have a proper education in order to become a Dialysis Technician.

However, most employers will hire those with at least a one to two-year certificate training.

It’s even possible to earn a certificate online from some schools.

Please be sure that the program you enroll in is accredited through the Board of Nephrology Examiners Nursing and Technology or the National Association of Nephrology Technicians/Technologists.

Some community colleges and universities may offer Associates degree programs for Dialysis Technicians that can take around two years to finish.

Personal Skills Needed

Personal Skills Needed

Working as a Dialysis Technician can be rewarding, but stressful as well.

It’s important to have knowledge of the medical field, but this career also requires:

  • Ability to multi-task
  • Critical thinking skills
  • Customer service skills
  • Technical abilities
  • A keen eye for detail
  • Great bedside manner
  • Ability to work as a team or alone
  • Dedication to the field
  • Communication skills

As a Dialysis Technician, you will be working with people in a very sensitive environment, so it’s important to treat everyone with respect and have good ethics in this career.

Frequently Asked Questions


How much does a Dialysis Technician make?

Those who have just started their career as a Dialysis Technician will typically find their salary around the $30,280 to $40,000 per year range.

After some experience and a certification or two, the average Dialysis Technician in the United States makes about $59,930 a year.

Gaining even more experience as well as promotions can provide a salary of over $79,340 to Dialysis Technicians in some areas.


How long does it take to become a Dialysis Technician?

It’s important to gain some knowledge on the subject of dialysis technology, so it’s recommended to attend a dialysis program.

These will run anywhere from one year to two years and can offer some great classroom time, lab work, and internships to get you started in the career.

Be wary of programs that are short, as you may not get enough information to have a successful career.

There are even some programs available at community colleges or universities that provide an Associate’s degree upon graduation.


What does a Dialysis Technician do?

A Dialysis Technician works with people who have kidney disease or other kidney issues.

They will provide care to the patient, by helping them with dialysis.

The machine gets hooked up, and then the patient gets hooked to the machine.

While the dialysis machine works, the Dialysis Technician makes sure that everything is going the way it’s supposed to, and that the patient is taken care of.

After dialysis, the Dialysis Technician will assist the patient with any other concerns and help them with aftercare.


Is there a demand for Dialysis Technicians?

There will likely always be a need for Dialysis Technicians.

Now that the baby boomer generation is growing older, this demand will likely increase.

The advancements in technology should also make this career boom.

In fact, this career is projected to grow around 11 percent over the next decade.

If you are looking to become a Dialysis Technician, now would be a great time to start your journey.


How much does it cost to become a Dialysis Technician?

Each school will have a different cost, but on average a Dialysis Technician program will run around $5,000.

There are some online programs that cost as little as $3,000, and some in-person programs provided by community colleges that cost as much as $10,000.

Earning a certificate will cost less than earning an Associate’s degree.

An Associate degree can take around two years to complete and can cost around $15,000.

USA Dialysis Technician Info by State

USA MapWashingtonOregonCaliforniaIdahoNevadaUtahArizonaMontanaWyomingColoradoNew Mexiconorth-dakota/South DakotaNebraskakansas/OklahomaTexasMinnesotaIowaMissouriArkansasLouisianaWisconsinIllinoisKentuckyTennesseeMississippiAlabamaGeorgiaFloridaSouth CarolinaNorth CarolinaVirginiaMichiganMichiganIndianaOhioWest VirginiaPennsylvaniaNew YorkMarylandMarylandDelawareNew JerseyConnecticutRhode IslandMassachusettsVermontNew HampshireMaineAlaskaHawaiiNew JerseyVermontNew HampshireMassachusetts

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